The Most Extreme Temperatures of the Universe [Infographic]

Extreme_TemperaturesTo humans, the difference between hot and cold is simply switching a winter coat for shorts and sandals. In reality, our universe can get much, much hotter than an Earthly summer, like the scorching temperatures found during a supernova. It can also get much colder, like the frigid Boomerang Nebula, which is chillier than empty space. Scientists measure these temperatures on what’s called the Kelvin scale, which starts at a theoretical absolute zero, the point at which all molecular movement stops. These extreme temperatures result in fascinating physical and chemical changes, like the nuclear fusion that powers the sun. But can we take these intense temperatures further? Physicists at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN have smashed lead ions together to achieve the hottest man-made temperatures ever recorded – around 5.5 trillion Kelvin. And scientists at MIT have cooled sodium gas with lasers to half a billionth of a degree above absolute zero. Experimenting with extreme temperatures could be a promising window into solving many of our universe’s lingering mysteries, perhaps even giving clues to the earliest moments of its existence.

By: and Daniel Smiertka

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41 comments
Adrian Ferent
Adrian Ferent

All these physicists did not understand Gravitation and Quantum Mechanics. ”I think I can safely say that nobody understands Quantum Mechanics” Richard Feynman ”I think I can safely say that nobody understands Gravitation” Adrian Ferent ”I think I can safely say that you do not understand Quantum Mechanics, if you do not understand Gravitation” Adrian Ferent “The force of Gravitation is mediated by Gravitons, with negative energy and negative impulse.” Adrian Ferent http://vixra.org/abs/1611.0405

Srimanta Roy
Srimanta Roy

Theoretically the temp. of total number of present Sun's volume aligned touching diametrically opposite from centre to centre of our Sun and earth in a straight line, to earth's surface in North summer solistece position now.

Cliff Abrahart
Cliff Abrahart

Who's Kelvin? Looks like he was present at the birth of time and space. Praise be to Kelvin!!

David Nathanael Gomez
David Nathanael Gomez

I wander how powerful the computer that came to this conclusion Is! \U0001f914\U0001f914\U0001f914

Mounime Ramich
Mounime Ramich

hy Brian Greene......................................................................... About Sonic Boom please........................................................... what if the air does not exist and the sound waves can travel in space, just for idea. So, could Sonic Boom happening ? means can those airplane travel faster than sound ? please answer me at soon

Kareem Nasser
Kareem Nasser

Hmm they said boomerang nebula. Should Google that specifically.

Mario Radwan
Mario Radwan

Was too lazy last night , will do today ...

Yasin Bitgen
Yasin Bitgen

When the cosmic microwave temperature hits 0 K, the spacetime will collapse.hah.

Ripunjay Sharma
Ripunjay Sharma

Electrons and positrons annihilate to make more photons, while protons and neutrons combine to make deuterons, Almost all of the deuterons combine to make helium...................so extreme temperature

Jaylynn Gaudreau
Jaylynn Gaudreau

Well that's lovely and all, but it's-22.5 degrees Celsius right now where I'm at, so feeling a little deficient in Kelvin's at the moment.\U0001f631

Tom Donvito
Tom Donvito

Also, I'm sure there were a lot hotter temperature than that recorded - boiling springs, volcanos

Tom Donvito
Tom Donvito

134 F is no where near hot enough for water to boil. Am I missing something?

Timothy Dunlap
Timothy Dunlap

Depends on the altitude. Water boils at different temperatures at different atmospheric pressures. Still though, their math doesn't appear to be correct.

Tyler Mikael Elliott
Tyler Mikael Elliott

planck temperature is roughly equal to the top panel, at about 1.42*10^32 K

Hendrik Kamm
Hendrik Kamm

Tabea Martinen okay welches skalenniveau liegt hier vor??

Jared Lautenschläger
Jared Lautenschläger

0° Kelvin is the coldest temperature that any system can reach. No system can reach absolute zero, which is just below 0° Kelvin. Ergo, no negative numbers for Kelvin.

Stev Uno
Stev Uno

Love it (though two images should be switched, I guess…)

GabrielFlo
GabrielFlo

I feel sorry for your school, I guess it was a church-like kind of school to come up with that.

Debra Coates
Debra Coates

Meanwhile in the universe, lets read something real for a change

Adnan Riaz
Adnan Riaz

So true & we are still increasing the fossil fuel consumption. The theory is now reality & we need to realize & put our sincere efforts