Martha J. Farah grew up in New York City, was educated at MIT and Harvard, and taught at Carnegie-Mellon University before joining the University of Pennsylvania. Her research in cognitive neuroscience has ranged widely, from vision at the back of the brain to executive function at the front. Of late her research has focused on the effects of early socioeconomic deprivation on brain development. Farah’s current interests also include the role of neuroscience in society, including the way neuroscience is changing how we think of ourselves as physical, mental, and moral beings. She is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a former Guggenheim Fellow and recipient of honors including the National Academy of Science’s Troland Research Award and the Association for Psychological Science’s lifetime achievement award.