Shara Bailey is an associate professor in the Department of Anthropology at New York University and associate research scientist at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany. She is also the Director of the Women in Science Program in NYU’s College of Arts and Sciences and is on the editorial board of the Yearbook of Physical Anthropology. Bailey’s research focuses on using teeth to answer questions about human evolution. She has worked extensively on Neandertals and early modern humans including the earliest modern humans from Europe and Africa. She has studied the Homo floresiensis (a.k.a. “hobbit”) dentitions and will soon add the new species Homo neledi to her ever-growing database. Bailey’s recent work comprises the systematic and comparative study of deciduous teeth (i.e., baby teeth) and seeks to answer questions about the evolution of childhood. Her books include a co-edited volume (with Jean-Jacques Hublin) on Dental Perspectives on Human Evolution with Springer Press and The Evolution of the Human Dentition (in progress), Cambridge University Press. In addition to fossil hominins, she is involved in projects investigating dental variation and systematics of extant hominoids (i.e., apes).