Chiye Aoki was born in East L.A., lived in Tokyo from age 6 to 11, and has been in the United States ever since. She gained and lost her native tongue twice, due to the moves, and as a consequence gained interest in brain plasticity. She was able to pursue her curiosity by entering a Ph.D. program at The Rockefeller University. She then received postdoctoral training at the Weill Cornell Medical College, where she learned electron microscopy. Aoki attained a faculty position at NYU’s Center for Neural Science in 1990 and has been there ever since. At NYU, she teaches cellular and molecular neurobiology. The theme common to her research is the neurobiological basis of individuality. Chiye Aoki is most interested in investigating the neurobiological basis of individual differences in reactivity and resilience to stress, and in brain development and plasticity during adolescence.