Fred Gould is Co-Director of the Genetic Engineering and Society Center of North Carolina State University. He conducts research on the application of evolutionary biology and population genetics to sustainable use of insect resistant crops and genetically engineered agricultural pests. He also does research aimed at development of strategies for using engineered insect vectors of pathogens to decrease human disease. In 2011, he was elected to the U.S. National Academy of Sciences (NAS). Dr. Gould has served on several–National Research Council (NRC) committees studying the environmental and health effects of the commercialization of genetically engineered crops. He recently chaired the NRC committee on “Genetically Engineered Crops: Experiences and Prospects” and serves on the NRC’s Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources. Dr. Gould received his BS in biology from Queens College and a PhD in ecology and evolutionary biology from the State University of New York at Stony Brook.