Murray Campbell is a research scientist at the IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center in Yorktown Heights, NY. He was a member of the team that developed Deep Blue, the first computer to defeat the human world chess champion in a match. Campbell has conducted research in artificial intelligence and computer chess, with numerous publications and competitive victories, including eight computer chess championships. This culminated in the 1997 victory of the Deep Blue chess computer, for which he was awarded the Fredkin Prize and the Allen Newell Research Excellence Medal. Campbell has a Ph.D. in computer science from Carnegie Mellon University, is an ACM Distinguished Scientist, and a fellow of the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence.