Tony Wilson is interested in how and why animals reproduce the way they do, and is fascinated by the remarkable reproductive diversity of aquatic organisms. Over the past decade, Wilson’s research has focused on seahorses and pipefish, a group with a unique and highly developed form of reproduction—male pregnancy. Males provide all parental care in this group, and females compete intensely for mating opportunities, creating natural experiments in which to study social flexibility and reproductive evolution. Wilson carried out his postdoctoral work at NOAA in Seattle, and has held faculty appointments at the University of Zurich in Switzerland and City University of New York. Wilson and his team investigate natural populations of seahorses in Australia, North America, and Europe, and are currently exploring what “lurks beneath” in the aquatic environments of New York City.