As a theoretical physicist at the University of Pennsylvania, Vijay Balasubramanian pursues research in two different fields: string theory (including black holes and whether they destroy information) and theoretical neuroscience (including the computational principles underlying the architecture of the brain’s neural circuits). He is an expert in statistical inference and “Occam’s Razor”—the trade-off between simple and accurate mathematical models. Born in Bombay and raised in India and Indonesia, Balasubramanian came to the United States for college. He earned degrees in physics and computer science at MIT, and received two patents in artificial intelligence. After completing a Ph.D. in physics from Princeton, he became a Junior Fellow of the Harvard Society of Fellows. Vijay Balasubramanian spent 2012-2013 at the Ecole Normale Superieure in Paris and has been a visiting professor at the CUNY Graduate Center, Rockefeller University, and the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (Free University of Brussels) in Belgium.