Bijan Pesaran is an associate professor with the Center for Neural Science at New York University. Work in his lab seeks to understand and engineer the brain. He has pioneered the study of how populations of neurons communicate to guide behavior. Pesaran has also invented a novel brain-machine interface that uses the activity of small groups of neurons to decode intentions and other cognitive processes. He is the recipient of several awards including a Sloan Research Fellowship, the McKnight Scholar Award, and the NSF CAREER Award. Current research is funded by grants from the NIH, NSF, DARPA, and private foundations.